Weight Limits

TTW and GCWR

The total trailer weight (TTW), gross combination weight rating (GCWR), gross axle weight rating (GAWR), trailer load, and trailer tongue load must be within the prescribed limits.

  • The total trailer weight (TTW) is the sum of the weights of the trailer load (trailer weight plus cargo), trailer hitch, 2 passengers, and vehicle load (baggage, food, camp gear, etc.). Never allow the total trailer weight (TTW) to exceed specifications in the Trailer Towing-Load Table.

  • The maximum GCWR is the combination weight of the trailer and load plus the towing vehicle (including trailer hitch, vehicle passengers, and load). It must not exceed specifications in the load table.

GAWR and GVWR

Do not exceed front and rear GAWR (gross axle weight rating) and GVWR (gross vehicle weight rating). If you do, vehicle handling, braking, and performance will be affected. These values are also on the Motor Vehicle Safety Certification Label posted on the driver's door frame.

High-altitude operation

 


Be aware of the towing load weight differences when towing at high altitudes. For altitudes exceeding 1,000 meter (3,280 ft 10 in), always reduce the towing load by 10 % for every 1,000 meter (3,280 ft 10 in) increase in altitude from the load indicated under the maximum GCWR heading in the trailer towing-load table. If the determined maximum total towing load weight is exceeded, the engine and other power-train parts may be damaged.

TRAILER TOWING-LOAD TABLE

Because vehicle weights vary, adjustments must be made to meet the requirements in this table.

Item

Model

2WD

AWD

MAX. FRONTAL AREA

2.97 m2 (32 ft2)

MAX. TTW

1,587.5 kg (3,500 lb)

MAX. GCWR

3,629 kg (8,000.4 lb)

3,782 kg (8,337.7 lb)

MAX. GAWR

Front

1,217 kg (2,683 lb)

1,241 kg (2,736 lb)

Rear

1,386 kg (3,056 lb)

1,433 kg (3,159 lb)

MAX. GVWR

2,568 kg (5,661 lb)

2,638 kg (5,816 lb)

TRAILER-TONGUE LOAD

Tongue load

Tongue load/Trailer load × 100 = 10 % to 15 %

Trailer load

DISTRIBUTION OF TRAILER LOAD

Front

60 %

Rear

40 %

 


Always keep tow loads within specified limits as indicated in the Trailer Towing-Load Table:

Attempting to tow loads greater than those specified is dangerous as it may cause serious handling and performance problems that could result in personal injury or vehicle damage, or both.

Load your trailer with the weight about 60 % toward the front and 40 % toward the rear:

Loading the trailer with more weight in the rear than in the front is dangerous. Doing so could cause you to lose control. The trailer tongue load must be 10 %―15 % of the total trailer load (sum of the weights of the trailer and cargo).

Always have the total trailer weight and tongue load determined prior to departure:

Attempting to tow loads without determining the total trailer weight and tongue load is dangerous. Trailer sway from crosswinds, rough roads or other causes could result in loss of control and a serious accident.

 


The total trailer weight and tongue load can be determined by weighing the trailer on platform scales at a highway weight station or a trucking company.

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